My gratefulness to following people, institutions and companies for the material source that I have obtained from them, since has been great help for SISV realization :

People   Institutions
Bill Arnett
David Darling
Chris Laurel
Bjorn Jonsson
James Hastings
Franck Richard
Calvin J. Hamilton
José de la Herrán
plca NASA
National Geographic
Sources list


Texture maps and 3D models - My 3D models and maps - Information sources


Texture maps and 3D models back to top Relación de fuentes

Photsphere and chromosphere Sun’s maps: Modified Celestia's Gstar map (Chris Laurel)

Mercury and Mars maps, and Tycho catalogue map of 9,110 stars "Yale Bright Star Map" Caltech/JPL:

Surface map of Venus:

Earth map: Satellite images, compiled by ESRI ArcWeb Services for The National Geographic Map Machine.

Moon map (John Van Vliet) and Earth clouds (Don Edwards):

Fictitious Milky Way map: (Franck Richard)

MIR base model:

Map of Jupiter, Phobos and Deimos 3D models and bump maps: (James Hastings)

Texture maps of Saturn’s rings: A, B, C & D. Phobos, Deimos, Amalthea and Hubble HST model basic:

ISS base model and its set of textures maps from (Orion Nebula)

Maps of Io, Europa, Ganymede, Calisto and Saturn: (Bjorn Jonsson)

Pictures and maps of Mimas, Enceladus, Tethys, Dione, Rhea and Iapetus; Saturn and Titan pictures:

Cassini-Huygens base model: (Jack Higgins). Background picture of Saturn
in Cassini-Huygens model:

Base maps of Miranda, Ariel, Umbriel, Titania and Oberon: and Uranus, satellites and rings pictures:

Neptune map by C. Thomas's “Planetary maps”, and proteus base map by Phil Stooke obtained from (Calvin J. Hamilton)

Ida 3D model by NASA, downloaded from

Eros 3D model by "Planetary Data System / Small Bodies Node",
and downloaded from

Mathilde pictures and Eros map, pictures and data: Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous Mission.

Ida and Gaspra pictures from Galileo spacecraft: JPL

Ceres and Vesta pictures: NASA, ESA

Asteroids graphics: Trojans (David Darling)
- Centaurus

Oort’s cloud graphics: Oort’s cloud scheme - Oort’s cloud and Kuiper belt scheme: NASA/JPL - KBO's comparative: NASA, ESA, and A. Feild (STScI)

Giotto and Halley encounter graphic: ESA

All the pictures and graphics in General Information of Stars, have their own credit at picture foot.

My 3D models and maps back to top Relación de fuentes

Sun maps: Corona map, based on a picture of SOHO, NASA - ESA. The ultraviolet cylindrical map was made with four sequential shots of SOHO’s EIT camera; and the plasma ejections maps were also made with 4 EIT pictures downloaded from The Photosphere and chromosphere glow maps, the radiation storm and ultraviolet model corona are fictitious maps, based on SOHO pictures too.

The MIR and Hubble 3D models I remade them totally, using as basis the models from and
Practically all the maps of Hubble and Mir Models, except for a few details from ISS textures, they were also made by me using pictures of the spacecrafts (see Information Sources).

At the ISS 3D model from Celestia, I exchanged 80% of geometry with less polygons, corrected the structure and added some details based on NASA's model construction guide from And I made totally new the Soyuz spacecraft.

Background maps of Hubble, MIR and ISS, I made them with astronauts photographies, courtesy of "Image Science & Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center"

The Amalthea 3D model was designed totally based in pictures.

The Titan map was made with 4 different spectral maps from JPL-NASA and the black & white maps of Mimas, Enceladus, Tethys, Dione, Rhea and Iapetus also from JPL-NASA, they were retouched and colored.

At Celestia's Cassini-Huygens model (, I reconstructed it with less polygons, adjusted the proportion and added many details. All the textures of this model are based in the spacecraft pictures.

The maps of Uranus, Venus clouds and asteroids are completely fictitious.

The Celestia maps of Miranda, Umbriel, Titania y Oberon, I retouched them and modified the color, based in the JPL's maps and Vogager 2 pictures from and, and the Uranus rings map was made with a picture from this last site.

The Triton map was realized with Voyager 2 pictures. The face that looks to Neptune is realistic; the other one is a duplicate.

To the map of Proteus by Phil Stooke, I added dark rock texture based on Voyager 2 pictures, and I made the 3D model with the JPL-NASA data.

The Neptune rings map was made based in Voyager 2 pictures and data from JPL-NASA.

The Pluto map was made based in B&W map from ESA-Hubble,, with textures from Seal / Rawlings fictitious map, JPL/Caltech, and from James Hastings Pluto map free version,, adjusting the color with a NASA picture (Eliot Young (SwRI) et al.,)

Caronte fictitious map. It was made based only in color and albedo Seal map,, using a texture mix from Thetys, Rhea and Iapetus maps,

The Asteroids graphic 3D menus: Main belt, NEA's and Trojans, are just designs.

Ceres, Vesta, Mathilde, Ida and Dactyl maps are based in photographs by Hubble (HST), Galileo and NEAR-Shoemaker spacecrafts. Vesta, Dactyl and Mathilde 3D models also were made based in photographs.

Asteroids 3D models and maps from the artistic representation are all fictitious.

The Kuiper belt and KBO's graphic 3D menu is another design. The orbits are in scale between themselves, the objects don't.

Eris, EL61, FY9, Orcus, Quaoar and Sedna maps are fictitious, based only in albedo data and approximate general color.

Oort's cloud 3D model and maps are (pretty obvious) fictitious too.

The tail and coma 3D models of Comet Halley are fictitious. The nucleus 3d model is based in the photographs taken by ESA spacecraft Giotto. All maps are fictitious too.

The Celestial Sphere graphic 3d model is my design and the 89* graphic representations of constellations are snapshots of the same sphere, complemented with data and more stars in Flash presentations.

*89 because Serpens is presented in two parts.

Information sources back to top Relación de fuentes

Sun info:, and from the book: The Universe. A Biography, by John Gribbin. BBC-Folio (Spanish Version). Sun pictures:

Mercury info and pictures:

Venus info and pictures:

MIR info and pictures:

ISS info and pictures:

Hubble info and pictures:

Planets and satellites info: (Bill Arnett)

Planets and satellites info:

Planets, moons, MIR, ISS and Hubble info:

Saturn, its moons and rings, info and pictures:

Cassini-Huygens, info and pictures: and

Uranus, its moons and rings, info and pictures: and

Neptune, its moons and rings, info and pictures: and

Pluto and moons, info and pictures: , ,

Asteroids Info: and

Kuiper belt info:

KBO's info: and

Comets Info: and
Comets pictures:, and

Oort's cloud info:

Coordinates and orbital data of planets, satellites, KBO's, asteroids and comets.
MEADE's Astronomical
Orbital diagrams:
AlCYONE Planet's Orbits V 1.7.0
Near Earth Object Program,

Solar System Simulator, to check points of view:

Stars and constellations info

General information

NASA - ESA - Anglo-Australian Observatory - - - - - -

MEADE’s Astronomical
Hallo Northern Sky V. 2.3.0 by Han Kleijn
C88 V 1.2 by ALCYONE
Stellarium 0.8.1
Cosmic Atlas (José de la Herrán) – CONACYT Mexico.

Searched through ALCYONE’s site (
The Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Preliminary Version)
SKY2000 - Master Star Catalog
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Star Catalog
Combined General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Vol. I-III)
And directly:
The Washington Double Star Catalog
The NGC/IC Project. Public access NGC/Ic Database



Photoshop plugin: Spherical Mapping Corrector

Recommended plug-ins for viewing 3d worlds: Blaxxun Contact. Parallel Graphics’ Cortona VRML Client and FreeWRL

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